Fantasmagorie (1908)

Fantasmagorie is the first all-animated film in history. An American named J. Stuart Blackton got there first with his films such as “The Enchanted Drawing” (1900) and “Humorous Phases of Funny Faces” (1906); but Blackton’s films were a mix of live action and animation.
Fantasmagorie is a surreal story: a series of scenes without much narrative structure, but morphing into each other. Emile Cohl creates a visual spectacle and orchestrates the action as he moves along.

He placed each drawing on an illuminated glass plate and then traced the next drawing-with variations-on top of it until he had some 700 drawings. The white line effect was the result of using a "negative reverse" changing the black line on paper to white on black.
Despite the fact that it has no plot or real point except to show off what animation can do and despite the relative crudeness of the drawings, Cohl’s wild and wacky imagination was daring, vibrant and wickedly funny and its short running time make it a joy to watch.

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